In 1914, the Amity and Economic Relations Agreement Treaty was signed in Addis Ababa by the uncrowned Emperor of Ethiopia, Prince Lij Iyasu and John Q. Wood, who was then U.S. diplomat at the time who stood in for President Woodrow Wilson. The treaty permitted free movements of citizens and goods between both countries. It is the first African treaty to be signed by the United States.
Prince Iyasu was the grandson of the famous Emperor Menelik II of Ethiopia, he however only held the reins of power for a few years as he was faced with strong resistance from his family who would later choose his aunt Zewditu and first empress of the nation over him. This treaty remains one of the most significant things he did when he was in power.
Ethiopia, though not a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), is on her way to attaining membership. It is required of Member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO), under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to report to the WTO all proposed technical regulations that could affect trade with other Member countries.
Ethiopia is a signatory to other treaties like the agreement Establishing Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) (Nairobi, March 1996); the Treaty Establishing the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) (Kampala, 5 November 1993); African, Caribbean, and Pacific Group States (ACP)-European Union (EU) Economic Partnership Agreement (Cotonou, 23 June 2000); and at the continental level, the Abuja Treaty that aims to establish an Africa Economic Community among the continents 54 countries have been ratified by Ethiopia.
Below is the full text of the treaty signed between Ethiopia and the United States in 1914: